A new Epistemology

Copyright © 2000 by Dr. Tienzen (Jeh-Tween) Gong

Part one

Physics methodology is the interplay of the followings:

  1. Observe the nature
  2. Construct a theory
  3. Test the theory
I have introduced a new methodology which does not observe the nature but is the interplay of the followings:
  1. Construct a Fictitious Universe with some arbitrary schemes.
  2. Derive some laws for this Fictitious Universe.
  3. Compare those derived laws with known physics.
  4. Use a new epistemology to calculate its truth value.
The validity of this new methodology is hinged on two points.
  1. A meaningful Fictitious Universe can be constructed, and a comparison with the known physics can be made.
  2. A new epistemology must provide a valid calculation for truth values.

The Fictitious Universe Epistemology has, in fact, two stages.

Stage one: Because the validity of the traditional physics is now firmly established, it sets all standards. The validity of FU physics, thus, must begin with meeting the standards. The followings are rules for this "meeting standards process."

Stage two: It becomes very obvious after "the meeting standards process" that FU physics is much bigger than the traditional physics. The standards of traditional physics are not enough to measure the beauty and the strength of this FU physics. A five round wrestling matches (or beauty contests) are, thus, developed.


1) The happy coincidence --- The chance for an arbitrary equation or procedure to produce an identical result to a known physics law or fact is, at best, a "Happy Coincidence" which is no better than toss a coin. Thus, the happy coincidence probability is 1/2 (50%).

If there are a few happy coincidences in a given domain (or discipline, such as, physics), they form a happy coincidence (HC) set. The happy coincidence value of HC set can be defined as the multiplication of its members' happy coincidence probability. If a HC set has three members, its HC value is 1/2 x 1/2 x 1/2 = .125 (12.5%).

And, we can define a

Happy Index = 100 - happy coincidence value

For the above example,
the happy index = 100 - 12.5 = 87.5(%)

If (a big if) we can equate the Happy Index to confidence level, then we have a new epistemology.

2) Occam's happy coincidence --- The Occam's Razor has been used to distinguish the truth from the untrue. Thus, I will construct a much "sharper" Occam's Razor as follow:

If theory B comes out "after" theory A,

  1. if theory B = A (identical to), then B is false.
  2. if C is the intersection of A & B, and if A - C is not zero (empty set), then B is false regardless of what B - C is.
  3. if B is better (>) than A, then B is an Occam's happy coincidence, which has a probability value 50% (1/2).
Note: The happy coincidence defined before is renamed as Plain happy coincidence. And, we can define the Truth Index of a system (the Occam's happy coincidence set) is the Occam's Happy Index
Truth Index (of a system) = Occam's Happy Index (of that system)

When the Truth Index of a system is greater than 99.75%, that system should be true.

It is very difficult to determine whether any theory B is better than a theory A. Here, I will introduce four procedures to do this.

3) The ultimate Occam's happy coincidence epistemology --- we now can refine the Occam's happy coincidence epistemology as follow:

  1. The prototype of Occam's HC epistemology -- the member of Occam's HC set must be a plain happy coincidence and must pass Occam's Razor test. However, there is no "linkage" requirement between the members.
  2. Occam's HC epistemology -- the members of Occam's HC set must be linked (in logic, mathematics or physics, etc.) among them. That is, Occam's Happy Index cannot be calculated by lumping some unrelated Occam's happy coincidences together.
  3. The ultimate (the final) Occam's HC epistemology -- Ten points (10%) will be deducted from Occam's Happy Index if an inconsistency is found "in" this Occam's HC set. Five points will be deducted if "any" inconsistency is found.
  4. If a system's Occam' happy index is larger than 99.75%, then that system is deemed to be true under this new epistemology.

A new Epistemology

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