Bibliography


Tao Teh King has been translated into English more often than any other work of Chinese literature. I have read over 10 different translations. Although they are all good books to read, none of them truly translates the essence of the book because the old Chinese writings sometimes defy the translation. Furthermore, readers will not appreciate this new translation without comparing it with the others. Thus, I am listing some famous translations here as reference.

  1. 1868 John Chalmers, The Speculation on Metaphysics, Polity and Morality of "The Old Philosopher," Lau-tsze. Trubner, London.
  2. 1884 Frederick Henry Balfour, Taoist Text, Ethical, Political and Speculative. Kelly and Walsh, Trubner, London.
  3. 1886 Herbert A. Giles, "The Remains of Lao Tzu," China Mail, Vol. XIV, Hong kong.
  4. 1891 James Legge, "Tao Teh King," Sacred Books of the East, Oxford University Press, London.
  5. 1894 Walter Gorn Old, The Book of the Path of Virtue, Theosophical Publishing Society, Madras.
  6. 1895 G.G. Alexander, Lao-tsze, The Great Thinker, Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, London.
  7. 1896 Paul Carus, "LaoTsze's Tao-Teh-King," Open Court Publishing Co., Chicago.
  8. 1898 P. J. Maclagen, "The Tao Teh King," The China Review.
  9. 1899 T. W. Kingsmill, "Tao Teh King," Shanghai Mercury.
  10. 1903 E. H. Parker, "Tao Teh King," The Dublin review, Dutton, New York.
  11. 1903 I. W. Heysinger, Light of China, Peter Reilly, Philadelphia.
  12. 1904 Walter Gorn Old, The simple Way, Philip Wellby, London.
  13. 1904 Lionel Giles, The Saying of Lao Tzu, John Murray, London.
  14. 1905 C. Suprgeon Medhurst, Tao Teh King, Theosophical Society, Chicago.
  15. 1911 Carl Henrik Andreas Bjerregaard, The Inner Life and the Tao-Teh King. The Theosophical Publishing Co. of New York.
  16. 1913 Paul Carus, The Canon of Reason and Virtue. Open Court Publishing Co., La Salle, IL.
  17. 1916 Isabella Mears, Tao Teh King. Theosophical Publishing House, London.
  18. 1919 Dwight Goddard and Henri Borel, Lao Tsu's Tao and Wu Wei. Brentano's, New York.
  19. 1920 A. E. Anderson, The Tao Teh King; A Chinese Mysticism. University of California, Berkeley.
  20. 1923 J. G. Weis, Lao-Tze's Tao-Te-King. Typewritten copy in British Museum, London.
  21. 1924 The Simple Way of Lao Tsze. Godalming, Surry, England.
  22. 1926 Charles Henry Mackintosh. Tao, Theosophical Press, Chicago.
  23. 1926 Wu-wu-tze and L. P. Phelps, The Philosophy of Lao-tzu. Modern Industrial Society, Szechuan, China.
  24. 1927 T. MacInnes, The Teaching of the Old Boy. J.M. Dent, Toronto.
  25. 1928 Shuten Inouye, Laotse, Tao Teh King. Daitokaku, Tokyo.
  26. 1934 Arthur Waley, The Way and Its Power. George Allen and Unwin, London.
  27. 1936 Bhikshu Wai Tao and Dwight Goddard, "Tao-Teh-King," Dwight Goddard, Thetford, Vermont.
  28. 1936 A. L. Kitselman II, Tao teh king of Lao Tzu. The School of Simplicity, Palo Alto, California.
  29. 1937 Ch'u Ta-Kao, Tao Te Ching. The Buddhist Society of London.
  30. 1938 Sum Nung Au-young, Lao Tzu's Tao Teh King, March and Greenwood, New York.
  31. 1939 Hu Tse-Ling, Lao Tsu Tao Teh Ching. Szechuan, China.
  32. 1939 Wu Ching-Hsiung, "Lao Tzu's The Tao and Its Virtue," Oriental Literature Society, University of Hawaii, Honolulu.
  33. 1942 Ernest R. Hughes, "Tao Te Ching," J.M. Dent and Sons, London.
  34. 1942 Lin Yutang, "The Wisdom of Laotse," Random House, New York.
  35. 1944 Witter Bynner, The Way of Life According to Lao Tsu. John Day, New York.
  36. 1945 Eduard Erkes, "Ho-Shang =Kung's Commentary on Lao Tse," Ascona, Switzerland.
  37. 1946 Herman Ould, The Way of Acceptance, Dakers, London.
  38. 1948 Frederick B. Thomas, The Tao Teh of Laotse. Oakland, California.
  39. 1949 Orde Poynton, The Great Sindersis, being a translation of the Tao Te Ching. The Hassell Press, Adelaide, Australia.
  40. Ching Lin, The Works of Lao Tzyy. The World Book Co., Ltd., Taipei, Taiwan.
  41. 1954 Jan Julius Lodewijk Duyvendak, Tao Te Ching. John Murray, London.
  42. 1955 R. B. Blakney, The Way of Life: Lao Tsu. The New American Library, New York.
  43. 1958 Archie J. Bahm, Tao Teh King, Continuum, New York.
  44. 1972 Gia-fu feng, Tao Te Ching, Random House.
  45. 1974 Wade Baskin, Lao Tzu Tao Te Ching, Rwman & Allanheld, New Jersey.

[back]